Dmitri Medvedev promet "démocratie et modernité", sans fixer les modalités de ce vaste chantier

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Dmitri Medvedev promet "démocratie et modernité", sans fixer les modalités de ce vaste chantier

Message  Vivre Enrussie le Ven 13 Nov 2009 - 21:04

13/11 - Alexandre Billette
http://www.lemonde.fr/europe/article/2009/11/13/aux-russes-dmitri-medvedev-promet-democratie-et-modernite-sans-fixer-les-modalites-de-ce-vaste-chantier_1266673_3214.html

Mais au-delà des mots, comment mettre en pratique ce discours "modernisateur" ? Alors que la Russie est "particulièrement frappée par la crise mondiale", de l'aveu même du président russe, Dmitri Medvedev n'a rien dit sur la façon dont il entend mener le pays sur la voie de la "modernité".
-

Cela devient une habitude au Monde, l'annee derniere Marie Jego:

Arthur a écrit:Novembre 2008:

http://vivreenrussie.1fr1.net/la-russie-selon-le-monde-f30/crise-vous-avez-dit-crise-les-mensonges-de-marie-t2188.htm

21/11
M. Poutine a consacré tout son discours à la crise, un thème que le président Dmitri Medvedev n'avait même pas mentionné dans son adresse à la nation le 5 novembre, alors qu'il est au centre des interrogations de la presse et de l'opinion de la rue.

Si vous lisez le discours a la nation du 5 novembre la crise revient a 12 reprises
...

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Re: Dmitri Medvedev promet "démocratie et modernité", sans fixer les modalités de ce vaste chantier

Message  Vivre Enrussie le Ven 13 Nov 2009 - 21:05

Donc pour Alexandre Billette, le president Dmitri Medvedev n'a rien dit sur la façon dont il entend mener le pays sur la voie de la "modernité".

Relisons son discours:
(version russe): http://www.kremlin.ru/transcripts/5979

(version anglaise):
http://eng.kremlin.ru/speeches/2009/11/12/1321_type70029type82912_222702.shtml

Nota: Surlignage realise par "Arthur"

What are the main factors in this development, as I see them? The Russian economy must make people’s real needs its focus, and people’s needs today are primarily about ensuring their safety, improving their health, and guaranteeing access to energy and information. This determines our priorities for economic modernisation and technological development. These are the key tasks for placing Russia on a new technological level and making it a global leader. These priorities include introducing the latest medical, energy and information technology, developing space and telecommunications systems, and radically increasing energy efficiency.

A special presidential commission has approved specific projects in all of these five areas and has drawn up detailed timetables for their implementation. Work is already underway on their practical implementation. I hope for the active participation of all the state organisations, the business, scientific and expert communities.

I will go into a little more detail on each of these main modernisation areas because I think them vitally essential for our country.
...

We will also use the public procurement mechanism to encourage domestic production of medicines and technology. Within five years, Russian-made medicines should account for at least a quarter of the medicines market here and for more than half of the market by 2020. This is our goal.

I have also given the instruction to prepare and submit to the State Duma a draft law setting out regulations for medicines’ supply and sale and, extremely important, their safety demands. We have a duty to protect people from fake and counterfeit products on this market.

...

I note that in August this year, Russia registered its natural population increase for the first time in the last 15 years. This growth is still only small – just 1,000 people – but still, it is an increase nonetheless. This result was achieved above all thanks to the National Project on Health and the new demographic policy we have been implementing. We will continue our efforts in these areas. We have every chance of ensuring that our population grows rather than declines.

What needs to be done? (ca c'est pour Billette...)




First, we will launch programmes to produce and install individual meters. People in our cities and towns today are essentially paying for worn-out and therefore costly utilities infrastructure. People should pay only for what they actually consume.

Second, we are beginning a transition to energy-saving light bulbs. People will save a considerable amount of money by replacing old equipment.

Third, starting next year, we will begin carrying out projects to make city districts more energy efficient. Utilities networks will be modernised and a system of payments for services will be introduced that takes more into consideration families’ consumption and income levels. We will introduce energy service contracts that will make substantial savings possible. The energy efficiency programmes will be implemented first of all in the public sector, where there is plenty of work to do. I call on all of the country’s regions to take part in these projects.

Fourth, we need to increase production not only of minerals, but also become a leader in developing innovation both in traditional and alternative energy.

Finally, our fifth priority is to develop strategic and information technology. Russia needs to make full use of the potential of supercomputers and supercomputer systems linked by high-speed data exchange channels. With their help within five years we could start designing new planes and spacecraft, cars and nuclear reactors. Sophisticated technology that has not gone through supercomputer simulation and not been digitalised, so to speak, will find itself without demand on the market within a few years. If we want to be competitive in this area we have to start working hard.


The five strategic directions for technological modernisation that I have named are certainly all priorities, but the list of state tasks does not end here. The government must take active steps to implement development programmes in other economic sectors too, focusing particularly on increasing added value of goods produced in the country. This is a key task.

I will name several systemic steps we need to take as part of implementation of this general strategy.

(ca c'est encore pour Billette)

First, we need to modernise the state owned industries

Second, we will establish a comfortable environment in Russia for world-class research and development. French scientist Louis Pasteur

(tiens le president russe cite un francais, pas lu dans la presse...)

The third systemic step that we need to take is to change our laws and public administration system in such a way as to put our entire economy on an innovative development track

Fourth, our tax system and also our laws on mandatory insurance contributions should be adapted to our modernisation demands.

Overall, our tax system clearly needs improving. The discussion on what taxes and what rates we should pay is not closed.


Achieving these goals requires us to start at the beginning – by educating new individuals right from the school classroom

In my Address last year, I presented the proposal and gave the instruction to draft an initiative – Our New School. This has been done, and I will set out this initiative’s basic proposals now.

The modern school’s main aim is to develop each pupil’s potential and help form them as individuals ready to take their place in a high-technology and competitive world.

I remind you that we have declared 2010 Year of the Teacher, and first of all, we plan to draft and introduce new education standards and consequently expand the list of documents evaluating and attesting to each pupil’s success. The final national school exam will be the basic document in this respect, but will not be the only means of verifying the quality of education.

Second, schools should become creative and information centres offering a rich intellectual and sporting life.

The third thing we must do is give our schools more independence, both in elaborating individual educational programmes and in spending funds. Starting next year, schools that do well in the competition within the national project,

Fourth, we need legislation to make public and private education more equal in the legal sense, to give families bigger choice of schools and give students access to the best teachers through distance learning and supplementary education. This is especially important for ungraded and remote schools, those in Russia's outlying districts.

Fifth, we have to undertake a complete overhaul of the teacher training system.


And an innovation economy can emerge only in a specific social context as part of an innovative culture based on humanistic ideals, creative freedom, and a desire to improve the quality of life.

Enshrined in our national culture, this ethos determines the successful development of the individual and the nation as a whole

For this reason we are devoting considerable attention to the development of culture and extending work in this regard on several fronts.

First, we must do everything we can to support the creation of infrastructure needed for normal cultural development, particularly in Russia's regions, in its provinces. In small cities, towns, villages, those places lacking in modern cinemas, large libraries, theatres and exhibition centres, we need to actively promote information technology. This must be the basis for cultural modernisation. New technology will provide access to culture for millions of our fellow citizens and, most importantly, for our young people.

Second, we need to work hard to protect the uniqueness of our country's culture in all its diversity, to help preserve the rich ethnic traditions of Russia's peoples, and at the same time develop and improve Russian language programmes, which serve as the basis for communication and unity in our country

Third, we must take great care to support innovative and experimental trends in the arts. In addition to preserving our traditions and protecting our extraordinarily rich cultural legacy, the government should encourage those who are exploring new paths in their creative work. It should be borne in mind that what we call the classics today was often created by those who flouted the canon, through the rejection of conventional forms and breaking with tradition. This spirit of innovation should be encouraged in all spheres of our cultural life.

...

All these measures will support those who are already engaged in socially useful work as well as, I hope, attract more people. Along with this there should not be any loopholes that allow one to skulk behind such activities for tax evasion purposes – this is also obvious. I repeat: we will support only those who selflessly devote their time and effort to others.

...

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